BAJA CALIFORNIA SUR
Baja California Sur is the southern part of the Baja California Peninsula, located in the northwest of Mexico. With a territory of 73,909 km2, it is about 750 km long and averages about 100 km wide.
The main geological feature of the state is its coastline, which measures 2,230 km, making it Mexico’s longest with 22% of the total. It also has the most islands, mostly in the Gulf of California. There are three in the Pacific, Natividad, Magdalena and Santa Margarita (the largest). In the Gulf of California they include San Marcos, Coronados, Carmen, Monserrat, Santa Catalina, Santa Cruz, San Diego, San Jose, San Francisco, Partida, Espiritu Santo and Cerralvo.
Cerralvo Island, also known as Jacques Cousteau’s Island is located in front of El Sargento and La Ventanta bay and is one of the multiple attractions of QB’s surroundings.
BAJA SUR’S BIODIVERSITY
UNESCO has declared the Sea of Cortes and its islands Heritage of the World due to the natural beauty and its biodiversity. The French explorer Jacques Cousteau called this place “the aquarium of the world”.
The ecological system here is considered to be recently evolved with a number of endemic species. Desert and arid condition plants dominate the lower elevations. This includes the world’s largest species of cactus, the cardon cactus, which can reach heights of 15 m. Other plant species include mesquite, lechuguilla, nopal and barrel cactus, choyas, paloadan and pitahaya. The higher elevations have forests of pine and oak trees with some deciduous forests, with leaves falling in the dry season, generally no taller than fifteen meters. Wildlife in the desert areas is restricted to birds, reptiles and small to medium mammals such as rabbits and coyotes. Upper elevations with more vegetation can have wild rams, pumas, other wild cats, raccoons, deer, foxes and wild cats.
According to scientific reports in recent studies, the “desert-sea ecosystem is a regional biodiversity hotspot” in this area.
Marine species include various kinds of whales, seals, dolphins, mantas and sea turtles among others. Baja California Sur is truly a paradise in marine wildlife that confirms what they label as “the aquarium of the world”.
City of La Paz
La Paz is the state capital of Baja California sur. This is a quiet city a population of 250,000 people. It is located by the Sea of Cortes. Despite having some of Mexico’s most beautiful beaches and wonderful natural surroundings this is a spot a part from crowds.
John Steinbeck discovered plenty of its treasures in the 40’s just like Jacques Cousteau did later in the 60’s. La Paz is a city characterized by its fascinating natural environment, with a diverse community of nationals and foreign citizens, many of which are musicians, artists or retirees; all of which coexist in a harmonious way.
One of the emblematic towns in Baja Sur is Todos Santos, home of the famous Hotel California. It is located in front of the Pacific Ocean and has a very singular charm.
There is an important American community living in this town most of which are artists and musicians.
Todos Santos is host to numerous events such as the annual jazz festival.
This is a small town located only a few minutes from Los Cabos. A world-class destination for sports fishing and other water sports.
Cabo Pulmo is a National Park and touristic destination located near Los Cabos. Here we can find a truly wonderful scenario for scuba diving, snorkeling and kayak. Cabo Pulmo has one of Latin America’s richest coral reefs. Its’ singular coral reef ecosystem of the Gulf of California, harbor high levels of biodiversity, much of which is only found in this remarkable coastal setting.
This is Mexico’s premier luxury destination. A place combining natural beauty and a wide array of sports activities and night life.
Baja Sur’s is host of various tourist attractions such as whale watching in Puerto San Carlos and Guerrero Negro; sports fishing in Los Cabos, Los Barriles or El Sargento; off road, adventure sports and relaxing beaches.